In 2019, the international shipping industry transported approximately 226 million containers, with an estimated value of more than $4 trillion. Full containers can
The European aquaculture industry produced 1.37 million tonnes of fish in 2017 with a total market value of €5.06bn.[1,2] The worldwide industry is growing by almost 7
The Northern Sea Route (NSR) has been used since at least the 1930s as a shortcut shipping lane between Asia and Europe, to reduce the travel distance by as much as 40
As offshore oil and gas platforms age, they require increased oversight. Inspections of the platforms by drones have demonstrated to be cheaper and more efficient t
Welding is a critical hot-work process in shipbuilding. Large ocean going vessels can contain hundreds of kilometers of weld lines, many in hard-to-reach interior a
Vessel inspections are a regular part of a ship’s operation, undertaken as frequently as every six months. Inspections cover the entire ship, from the bridge to the
Due to the imbalances in trade flows, 24% of shipping containers - amounting to 200 million of them - are empty.[1,2,3] Yet they still need to be moved around, and thi
The operation and maintenance of wind turbines amounts to approximately 25-30% of its total lifecycle costs and is expected to increase as wind farms move further away
The lifetime operation and maintenance of wind farms amounts to approximately 25-30% of its total costs and is expected to increase as wind farms move further offshore
Approximately 10% of a vessel’s energy costs and emissions are due to fouling on the hull. In the U.S.
Sediment builds up in canals and ports, and so this underwater infrastructure needs to be continuously dredged to required depths.
Between 2011 and 2018, 92 out of 298 people who fell overboard in EU waters died. Survival chances depend on detection, response method, water temperature, and luck
The electrification of the seas requires energy sources in remote places.
The aquaculture industry currently produces approximately half of the fish for global consumption, and this is expected to reach two-thirds by 2030.[1,2] Given the tre
Thermal vents on the sea floor provide a source of infinitely renewable power and rare minerals.
Deep sea mining is expected to grow 37% annually, from $650mn in 2020 to $15.3bn by 2030. Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor are chimney-like structures where un
RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) vessels carry 234 million tonnes of goods annually around Europe, and is growing at an average rate of 3%.[1,2] RoRo vessels follow fixed route
Weather is the major cause for maritime accidents, shipping and cargo losses, injuries, and even fatalities.
60,000 people and $4bn in assets are exposed to the global tsunami hazard.[1,2] These numbers are expected to increase due to population growth, migrat
Owners and operators of wind parks are challenged with keeping turbine blades in optimum condition. A combination of accumulated debris, dust deposits, and blade ro
Communication from the depths of the seas currently requires a cable connection or acoustic transmission.
Europe is currently the largest market for offshore decommissioning with the majority of this activity taking place in the North Sea. In the North Sea approximately
Day rates for the smallest and largest service vessels range from $8k-26k. While autonomous vessels are estimated to reduce fuel consumption by 6%, an autonomous-u
In 2019, the containerized shipping industry will have transported over 800 million TEU, generating earnings in excess of $25bn. These containers arrive in ports on
A particular pain point in shipping is that vessels need specific documents delivered to ports before they arrive.
80% of the global wind resources are located offshore in deep waters (60+ meters) where traditional seabed-fixed installations are not suitable. These areas will be
Each year, around 1,390 containers are lost at sea due to poor lashing and rough weather conditions. When failure occurs, containers fall into the sea and can cause
Every year people die inspecting enclosed spaces. These spaces can contain depleted oxygen levels, toxic gases, and/or material otherwise unsafe for humans.
Subsea infrastructure and the demand for its maintenance is growing.
Aerial drones are increasing in applicability, and are already used for structural inspections of offshore platforms and wind farms.[1,2,3] Their integration and modul
Large ships are inspected and cleaned every 4-5 years and painted every 8-10 years, in order to improve vessel performance and to demonstrate owners' commitment to saf
Europe has over 4,000 offshore wind turbines in operation, supplying a total of 15.8 GW.