Approximately 10% of a vessel’s energy costs and emissions are due to fouling on the hull.[1] In the U.S.

Sediment builds up in canals and ports, and so this underwater infrastructure needs to be continuously dredged to required depths.

Ice accumulation on offshore wind turbine blades can result in a loss of up to 50% of annual energy production.[1] Ice build up compromises blade aerodynamics and lead

Between 2011 and 2018, 92 out of 298 people who fell overboard in EU waters died.[1] Survival chances depend on detection, response method, water temperature, and luck

The unwanted accumulation of biological material on ship hulls, known as fouling, can cause an increase in fuel consumption by up to 40%.[1] In the U.S.

Contemporary vessels are regarded as floating power plants because of the propulsion needed to overcome the friction and drag between the hull and seawater.[1] Forcing

With approximately 3000 ships sailing at any one time, the North Sea is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world.[1] Many of the medium-sized vessels require app

The maritime shipping industry currently transports 90% of the goods traded around the world.[1] The industry is responsible for nearly 3% of the world’s CO2 emissions