Ports are the sites of major pollution, where large vessels continue to run their engines even while at berth, and heavy-lifting work is being performed by diesel-powe

Approximately 10% of a vessel’s energy costs and emissions are due to fouling on the hull.[1] In the U.S.

Sediment builds up in canals and ports, and so this underwater infrastructure needs to be continuously dredged to required depths.

Due to the imbalances in trade flows, 24% of containers that are being shipped around the world are empty.[1,2] Shipping patterns see containers loaded, for example, w

The unwanted accumulation of biological material on ship hulls, known as fouling, can cause an increase in fuel consumption by up to 40%.[1] In the U.S.

It is estimated that there are 25 million shipping containers in active service around the world, with around 6 million in transit, at any time.[1] For over 60 years,

With approximately 3000 ships sailing at any one time, the North Sea is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world.[1] Many of the medium-sized vessels require app

The maritime shipping industry currently transports 90% of the goods traded around the world.[1] The industry is responsible for nearly 3% of the world’s CO2 emissions

Offshore wind farms are playing an important role as Europe transitions to renewable energy.

RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) vessels carry 234 million tonnes of goods annually around Europe, and is growing at an average rate of 3%.[1,2] RoRo vessels follow fixed route