Approximately 10% of a vessel’s energy costs and emissions are due to fouling on the hull.[1] In the U.S.

Between 2011 and 2018, 92 out of 298 people who fell overboard in EU waters died.[1] Survival chances depend on detection, response method, water temperature, and luck

Due to the imbalances in trade flows, 24% of containers that are being shipped around the world are empty.[1,2] Shipping patterns see containers loaded, for example, w

The unwanted accumulation of biological material on ship hulls, known as fouling, can cause an increase in fuel consumption by up to 40%.[1] In the U.S.

Contemporary vessels are regarded as floating power plants because of the propulsion needed to overcome the friction and drag between the hull and seawater.[1] Forcing

It is estimated that there are 25 million shipping containers in active service around the world, with around 6 million in transit, at any time.[1] For over 60 years,

With approximately 3000 ships sailing at any one time, the North Sea is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world.[1] Many of the medium-sized vessels require app

The maritime shipping industry currently transports 90% of the goods traded around the world.[1] The industry is responsible for nearly 3% of the world’s CO2 emissions