Wind energy is on a steady rise and could be instrumental in reaching the climate-goals set out for 2050. Continued technological development, combined with sound pol

Sediment builds up in canals and ports, and so this underwater infrastructure needs to be continuously dredged to required depths.

Ice accumulation on offshore wind turbine blades can result in a loss of up to 50% of annual energy production.[1] Ice build up compromises blade aerodynamics and lead

The aquaculture industry currently produces approximately half of the fish for global consumption, and this is expected to reach two-thirds by 2030.[1,2] Given the tre

Deep sea mining is expected to grow 37% annually, from $650mn in 2020 to $15.3bn by 2030.[1] Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor are chimney-like structures where un

Between 2020 and 2030, it has been forecasted that approximately 4,091 offshore turbines will be installed throughout all of Europe.[1] Counting the modern standard de