Maritime transport emits around 940 million tonnes of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.[1,2] Shipping is responsible for 13% of all EU GHG emissions in the transport sector, which includes cars and trucks. From the 1st of January 2018, ships above 5,000 gross tonnes are required to monitor and report information on fuel consumption and related CO2 emissions in the EU.
Currently the ships that dock have to make available these digital data logs for assessment by the country’s regulators. Setting up a data warehouse where all shipowners are required to submit their emission and location data in real-time would provide greater transparency to the regulatory and enforcement efforts and allow for remote monitoring. This will move the coordination of the monitoring activity out of the ports that are focusing on streamlining the ever-increasing cargo loads and ship sizes.
Establishing a central data warehouse would require a standardization of the digital data file formats that national regulatory bodies can agree to. In turn, this can inform efforts to develop maritime carbon and emission trading schemes.
When will a central data repository be established to monitor ship performance data?
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 European Commission, (2020), Reducing emissions from the shipping sector
 IMO, (2020), Third IMO GHG Study 2014
Låg, S., With, S., (2017), Standardisation as an Enabler of Digitalisation
Spath, N., (2017), DNV GL: Standardisation can help enable the digital transformation of shipping
Bannon, E., (2019), EU defends publishing ship emissions data to drive CO2 emissions cuts
opendatasoft, (2018) The rise of Big Data in ports and terminals
International Bunker Industry Association, (2018), IMO’s mandatory fuel consumption data reporting now in force
Ludvigsen, K., (2018), Digital Twins for Blue Denmark