In 2019, the international shipping industry transported approximately 226 million containers, with an estimated value of more than $4 trillion. Full containers can
The Northern Sea Route (NSR) has been used since at least the 1930s as a shortcut shipping lane between Asia and Europe, to reduce the travel distance by as much as 40
Acknowledging the challenging situation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, activity in the cruise sector has increased significantly over the previous decades.
Due to the imbalances in trade flows, 24% of shipping containers - amounting to 200 million of them - are empty.[1,2,3] Yet they still need to be moved around, and thi
When at port, ships keep their auxiliary engines running for electricity, resulting in unnecessary emission of pollutants and over $18bn in fuel waste. Estimates su
Fifty-four percent of all ship accidents in 2018 were due to navigational issues such as collisions with other ships, icebergs, infrastructure, or grounding on the sea
Ports are the sites of major pollution, where large vessels continue to run their engines even while at berth, and heavy-lifting work is being performed by diesel-powe
Approximately 10% of a vessel’s energy costs and emissions are due to fouling on the hull. In the U.S.
Sediment builds up in canals and ports, and so this underwater infrastructure needs to be continuously dredged to required depths.
Due to the imbalances in trade flows, 24% of containers that are being shipped around the world are empty.[1,2] Shipping patterns see containers loaded, for example, w
The unwanted accumulation of biological material on ship hulls, known as fouling, can cause an increase in fuel consumption by up to 40%. In the U.S.
Contemporary vessels are regarded as floating power plants because of the propulsion needed to overcome the friction and drag between the hull and seawater. Forcing
It is estimated that there are 25 million shipping containers in active service around the world, with around 6 million in transit, at any time. For over 60 years,
The electrification of the seas requires energy sources in remote places.
The aquaculture industry currently produces approximately half of the fish for global consumption, and this is expected to reach two-thirds by 2030.[1,2] Given the tre
Thermal vents on the sea floor provide a source of infinitely renewable power and rare minerals.
With approximately 3000 ships sailing at any one time, the North Sea is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world. Many of the medium-sized vessels require app
The maritime shipping industry currently transports 90% of the goods traded around the world. The industry is responsible for nearly 3% of the world’s CO2 emissions
Offshore wind farms are playing an important role as Europe transitions to renewable energy.
Deep sea mining is expected to grow 37% annually, from $650mn in 2020 to $15.3bn by 2030. Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor are chimney-like structures where un
RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) vessels carry 234 million tonnes of goods annually around Europe, and is growing at an average rate of 3%.[1,2] RoRo vessels follow fixed route
Maritime transport emits around 940 million tonnes of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.[1,2] Shipping is respons
Digital twinning bridges the gap between the physical world and virtual world. It involves the scanning of existing objects to create virtual (digital) replicas.
Weather is the major cause for maritime accidents, shipping and cargo losses, injuries, and even fatalities.
60,000 people and $4bn in assets are exposed to the global tsunami hazard.[1,2] These numbers are expected to increase due to population growth, migrat
Hyperloop proposes using magnetized tracks to move goods friction-free through a vacuum-sealed tunnel.
Contact and collision related casualties account for 40% of yearly insurance claims in the maritime industry. 75% of these are caused by human error, amounting to $
Ruptures, tears, cracks, holes, gashes, scrapes, and dents cause serious damage to hulls resulting in approximately $12bn worth of damage globally. Due to their ver
Communication from the depths of the seas currently requires a cable connection or acoustic transmission.
Vessels are operated on a bridge in a large room with a multiple-station setup.
Ambitions for zero emission maritime operations by 2030 require new power sources.
Customs authorities inspect less than 2% of the 752 million (TEU) containers shipped annually.[1,2] With 90% of the world's cargo transported in maritime containers, t
Containerized shipping between Asia and Northern Europe amounted to 15.1 million TEU in 2015. Both the Northern Sea Route and the North-West passage have the potent
Day rates for the smallest and largest service vessels range from $8k-26k. While autonomous vessels are estimated to reduce fuel consumption by 6%, an autonomous-u
In 2019, the containerized shipping industry will have transported over 800 million TEU, generating earnings in excess of $25bn. These containers arrive in ports on
A particular pain point in shipping is that vessels need specific documents delivered to ports before they arrive.
Fires and explosions are the third largest cause of vessel casualties and have resulted in 112 large vessel losses during the past decade.
80% of the global wind resources are located offshore in deep waters (60+ meters) where traditional seabed-fixed installations are not suitable. These areas will be
Today's 22,000 TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) container vessels will be small compared to the 50,000 TEU vessels forecasted 50 years from now. Modifying existing
Each year, around 1,390 containers are lost at sea due to poor lashing and rough weather conditions. When failure occurs, containers fall into the sea and can cause
Every year people die inspecting enclosed spaces. These spaces can contain depleted oxygen levels, toxic gases, and/or material otherwise unsafe for humans.
Subsea infrastructure and the demand for its maintenance is growing.
Large ships are inspected and cleaned every 4-5 years and painted every 8-10 years, in order to improve vessel performance and to demonstrate owners' commitment to saf
Experts estimate that fuel consumption can be reduced by up to 5% by optimizing ship speeds and routes to changing weather conditions.
Europe has over 4,000 offshore wind turbines in operation, supplying a total of 15.8 GW.
At higher altitudes, the wind blows stronger and more consistently. Whereas windmills have yet to exceed 200m in height, wind kites are reaching 800m in the air.